Thailand is one of the largest exporting countries whose economy is more than two-thirds dependent on export in terms of gross domestic product (GDP). Despite being such an export-driven economy, the export sector dealing with dual-use items and weapons of mass destruction remained unorganized until 2015.

On September 22, 2015, Thailand’s Ministry of Commerce issued a notification stating the need for the trade industry to prepare for stringent export compliance measures under the new licensing system for dual-use items (DUI).The initialization of establishing an effective export control system resulted from United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1540, which directs its member states to adopt an effective policy for non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD).