For importers utilizing the North American Free Trade Agreement, the terms “valid NAFTA Certificate of Origin,” “invalid NAFTA Certificate of Origin” and “defective NAFTA Certificate of Origin” can cause some confusion. So what makes a NAFTA Certificate of Origin valid?

Customs and Border Protection states that a NAFTA Certificate of Origin is valid if it:

  • Lists the good in question
  • Covers the period in question
  • Includes the exporter’s or his agent’s signature in block 11a “Authorized Signature”
  • Was in the importer’s possession at the time of the claim, as demonstrated by 1) a block 11e “Authorized Signature” date prior to the date of the preference claim, and 2) submission upon request of a CBP official

If the NAFTA Certificate of Origin does not meet any of the above criteria, it is invalid. What makes it “defective”? If a NAFTA Certificate of Origin meets the above criteria but contains other errors or omissions (i.e. incorrect/missing preference criteria, typed or stamped signature, net cost field error, etc.), it can be deemed “defective.”

Did you know that Integration Point Global Trade Management solutions can make sure a certificate is on hand before claiming preferences? Integration Point Free Trade Agreement Management provides a platform that your suppliers can use to create valid certificates of origin based on the products you need and data required for NAFTA.  Want to learn more about automating your trade process with Integration Point? Contact us here!